Budget and Financial Information

Congressional Budget Justifications

Fiscal Year 2021 USPTO Budget

For Fiscal Year (FY) 2021, the USPTO requests authority to spend fee collections of $3.695 billion. These collections, with $41 million from other income, and $139 million from the operating reserves (ORs) will fund operating requirements of $3,874 million, including 14,018 positions; and a transfer of $2 million to the DOC Office of the Inspector General. With full access to its fee collections to offset its operating requirements, the USPTO’s FY 2021 net appropriation would be $0.

The Budget is predicated on workload demand and fee collection estimates derived from production and workload models and global and domestic indicators of economic activity. Being a demand driven organization poses unique risks. The Office must be able to react quickly to changes in the global IP environment. The ORs discussed below, combined with the ability to access and spend all fees collected and the authority to adjust fees via the regulatory process, allow the Office to mitigate these risks.  

As a fully fee-funded agency, the USPTO maintains ORs for both Patents and Trademarks—consistent with standard private sector practices—to provide sufficient resources to operate when the revenue stream or funding availability are uncertain; to preserve planned operational capacity when fee collections fall short of estimates; to match fee collections to budgetary requirements over time; and to provide supplemental funding when budgetary requirements grow due to unexpected increases in application filings, capital investment needs, or other factors. The USPTO remains committed to fiscal responsibility and makes prudent choices when aligning spending priorities with revenue projections. Maintaining the fee setting authority granted by the 2011 Leahy-Smith America Invents Act (AIA), as extended by the Study of Underrepresented Classes Chasing Engineering and Science Success (SUCCESS) Act of 2018, and ensuring sufficient ORs allows the Office to shield mission-critical operations against potential economic or financial disruptions. 

Full access to estimated collections provides the Office with the resources needed to continue implementation of the USPTO 2018-2022 Strategic Plan. This plan highlights the priorities to continue: issuing reliable and predictable IP rights; optimizing patent and trademark application pendency; enhancing patent administrative appeal and post-grant processes; fine tuning trademark operations, including trademark administrative appeal and trial processes; conducting outreach, education and engagement both domestically and internationally; promoting and protecting patent and trademark IP rights; and investing in our information technology (IT) stabilization and modernization.

Download the USPTO FY 2021 President's Budget Request [PDF]

Prior Year Budgets

Other USPTO Financial Information and Reports

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