Economic research

USPTO economists study all aspects of intellectual property (IP) to better understand the determinants of innovation and to support evidence-based policy making. The Office of the Chief Economist (OCE) leads these efforts through engagement with scholars, collaboration on research projects, and conference events. OCE also releases datasets on USPTO patents and trademarks to advance economic research on IP. 

The Artificial Intelligence Patent Dataset (AIPD)

New working paper and dataset

To help researchers, policymakers, and the public explore the determinants and impacts of artificial intelligence (AI) invention, OCE released a dataset identifying AI in over 13.2 million USPTO patents and pre-grant publications (PGPubs). The dataset, called the Artificial Intelligence Patent Dataset (AIPD), was constructed using machine learning models for eight AI component technologies. The working paper presents the methodology used and several evaluation metrics based on a manual review by patent examiners with focused expertise in AI, and shows that OCE’s machine learning approach achieves superior performance relative to existing alternatives in the literature. Read more about the new dataset and working paper.

Artificial Intelligence Patent Dataset (AIPD) on a blue background with an outline of a head.

For previous infographics, visit the IP infographics page.